In March 1931 a Fokker F-10A of TWA crashed due to a wing fracture.
This accident meant that all aircraft with a wooden wing should be inspected thoroughly. The result was that many aircraft had to be withdrawn from use within a year, so the airline companies had to look for a replacement.
TWA ordered sixty Boeing 247 aircraft. Boeing, however, was very busy with an order for United Airlines, largely owned by Boeing itself.
TWA asked several other aircraft manufacturers for a design and quotation based on a specification for a, preferably all-metal,three-engined airliner.
Douglas, however, presented a twin-engine all-metal aircraft for twelve passengers. TWA ordered under certain conditions an example of this Douglas DC-1.
The DC-1 made the first flight in July 1933 and was delivered in December of the same year.
This aircraft really surpassed all expectations, so TWA ordered a series of twenty machines, designated as DC-2.
It was 60 cm longer than the DC-1 and could carry fourteen passengers.The first DC-2 made its first flight in May 1934 and was soon delivered to TWA.
In 1933 Fokker acquired the licensing and sales rights of the DC-2 for the whole of Europe and later also for the DC-3 and eventually sold 39 DC-2's and 65 DC-3'sin Europe. Fokker never built any of example of these types. 18 DC-2's and 25 DC-3's were sold to the KLM.
Eventually, 193 DC-2's were built, often adapted to customer's wishes and often equipped with different engines.
|Length:||19,1 m||Wingspan:||25,9 m|
|Height:||4,8 m||Wing area:||- m2|
|Empty weight:||5650 kg||Max. start weight:||8420 kg|
|Max. speed:||338 km/u||Rate of climb:||- m/min|
|Range:||1750 km||Service ceiling:||6930 m|
|Engine type:||Twee Wright Cyclone SGR-1820 F-3 van 700 pk|