Nederlandse Modelbouw en Luchtvaartsite

Dutch Modelling and Aviation

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In Memoriam

Klaas Willem Jonker
(Wilko)
† April 30, 2018

On Monday 30 April 2018, Wilko Jonker died after a long illness at the age of 58. He leaves behind a wife and two children. The Dutch military aviation and plastic modeling were his hobby and on this website he shared all the knowledge he has collected over the years. His hobby has been able to distract him from the persistent disease in his body until the last week of his life. The contacts with other hobbyists were a major support for him.

This website will be maintained by different people for as long as possible, so that other enthusiasts can continue to benefit from extensive content.

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Friday, 24 January 2020 00:24

Sopwith F.1 Camel

History

The Camel was developed to succeed the Sopwith Pup and made its maiden flight in December 1916.
The prototype was equipped with a 110 hp LeClerget 9Z rotary engine. The Camel had two fixed synchronized  .303 inch Vickers machine-guns.
Its nick name "Camel" referred to the double curved panel  over both machine-0guns.

The Camel was uneasy to fly with. Inexperienced pilots had great difficulties with the aircraft especially with the engine which was very difficult to handle. It's manoeuvrability was caused to the fact that engine, pilot, armament and fuel tank were concentrated in the front section of the aircraft.

In the end about 5490 examples were built with a large variety of engines:

  • 130 hp Clerget 9B (standard engine)
  • 140 hp Clerget 9Bf
  • 110 hp Le Rhône 9J
  • 150 hp Bentley BR1
  • 100 hp Gnome Monosoupape 9B-2
  • 150 hp Gnome Monosoupape 9N

 

Versions.

  • Sopwith Camel F.1: single seat fighter; main production version;
  • Sopwith Camel 2F.1: carrier aircraft; smaller wingspan; Lewis machine gun on upper wing and a 150 hp Bentley BR1;
  • Sopwith Camel "Comic" Night fighter: Pilot was moved backwards; guns were replaced with two Lewis machines guns on the upper wing.
  • F.1/1 version with tapered wings;
  • (Trench Fighter) T.F.1: experimental armoured aircraft with downward pointing machine guns for improved strafing..

 

Technical information
Dimensions:
Length: 7,01 m Wingspan: 7,82 m
Height: 3,05 m Wing area: 22,29 m2
Weights:
Empty weight: 556 kg Max. start weight: 777 kg
Performances:
Max. speed: 160 km/hr Rate of climb: 330 m/min
Range: 485 km Service ceiling: 6400 m
Miscellaneous:
Engine type: One Le Rhône 9B rated 130 hp
Crew: Two men: one aviator plus one observer/air gunner
Armament: Two synchronized fixed forward firing Vickers .303 inch machine-guns.
The Camel F.1 was a single seat fighter version of the two seat Camel.

 


On October 7, 1918 a Sopwith Camel, with registration E1537, from RFC no. 65 Squadron, with airman luitenant B. Lockey, landed near Groede.
It was interned with registration S226, though it was under repair, but never completely finished.

Sopwith F.1 Camel F1542 van RAF no. 65 Sq, neergestort te Waterlandkerkje op 28 september 1918. De piloot was lt. D.M. John.
Sopwith F.1 Camel F1542 of RFC no. 65 Sq, crashed near Waterlandkerkje op September 28, 1918. The airman was lt. D.M. John.
[Enclosed photo from BeeldBank NIMH. Click on photo for ordering information]
Sopwith F.1 Camel E1537 van RAF no. 65 Sq, geland te Groede op 7 oktober 1918. Neergestort te Waterlandkerkje op 28 sept. 1918. Piloot was luitenant B. Lockey. Het toestel is in reparatie genomen, maar niet gereed gekomen. Vermoedelijke LVA-registratie S226.
Sopwith F.1 Camel E1537.
[Enclosed photo from BeeldBank NIMH. Click on photo for ordering information]

 


Serial RFC Serial Date in service Date out of service Notes
S226 F1537 17-10-1918    

 


1/72nd Scale

Kits

  • Academy
    • Kit 1624: Sopwith Camel
  • Esci
    • Kit 409020: Sopwith Camel
  • Encore
    • Kit 72002: A re-release of the Roden kit with different decals
  • Roden
    • Kit 040: Sopwith F1 Camel
    • Kit 044: Sopwith 2F1 Camel 'Ships Camel'
    • Kit 051: Sopwith F1 Camel Comic Fighter
    • Kit 052: Sopwith TF1 Camel "Trench Fighter"
    • Kit 054: Sopwith F1 Camel "Two seat Trainer"
  • Revell
    • Kit 0411: Sopwith Camel F1

 

A model of a Sopwith Camel, built by Peter Banis.

Sopwith Camel PBanis 1 Sopwith Camel PBanis 2 Sopwith Camel PBanis 3 Sopwith Camel PBanis 4

 

Modelling add-on

  • Airwaves
    • Set C7274: Detailset Sopwith Camel (Revell)
  • Part Etchings
    • Set S72-242: Detailset Sopwith Camel (Roden)
    • Set S72-243: Detailset Sopwith F1 Camel two seat trainer (Roden)

Decals

  • --
    • Set --: --

Schaal 1/48

Bouwpakketten

  • Blue Max
    • Kit 109: Sopwith F1//2F1 Camel
  • Eduard
    • Kit 8450: Sopwith F1 Camel
    • Kit 8060: Sopwith F1 Camel Dual Combo (RFC))
    • Kit 8056: Sopwith F1 Camel (profipack)
    • Kit 8055: Sopwith F1 Camel (RNAS)
    • Kit 8057: Sopwith F1 Camel (RFC)
  • Smer
    • Kit 0809: Sopwith Camel

Modelling add-on

  • Eduard
    • Set FE432: Detail set Sopwith Camel Interior Self adhesive (Eduard)
  • HGW Webgarten
    • Set 148522: Sopwith Camel laser cut Seatbelts and Buckles (Eduard)
  • Part Etchings
    • Set S48147: Detail set Sopwith Camel (Eduard)

Decals

  • --
    • Set --: --

 


Scheme Colour name FS-number BS-number Humbrol XtraColor Vallejo Model Color Vallejo Model Air
Standard #1 Fuselage PC10 ~4086   108 X144 70.830?  
Linen parts Doped ~3531   121 X105 70.819 71.028
Wooden and metal parts Varnish            

Check www.paint4models.com for an extensive conversion table with lots of colour and paint systems.

 


Literature.

Van Brik tot Starfighter 1 H. Hooftman Pag. 1965  
KLu Vliegtuigen: De vliegtuigen van de Koninklijke Luchtmacht vanaf 1913 Wim Schoenmaker & Thijs Postma Pag. 23 1987 Uitgeverij De Alk, Alkmaar
Vintage Warbird no 1: The Royal Flying Corps in worldwar One Raymond Laurence Rimell pag. 56 - 60 1987 Uitgever Arms and Armour Press, Poole, Dorset
Aircraft Archive: Aircraft of World War One; Volume 2.   Pag. 32 - 34 1989 Uitgever Argus Books, Hempsted
Vintage Aviation fotofax: Sopwith camel J.M. Bruce   1989 Uitgever Arms and Armour Press, Poole, Dorset
Camouflage en Kentekens J.Greuter e.a.   1997 Bonneville – Bergen (NH)
Air Enthusiast no.80,The Historical Aviation Journal: Unexpected Windfalls Bart van der Klaauw Pag. 54 - 59 1999 Uitgever Key Publishing, Stamford

 

Websites.

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