Nederlandse Modelbouw en Luchtvaartsite

Dutch Modelling and Aviation

In Memoriam

Klaas Willem Jonker
† April 30, 2018

On Monday 30 April 2018, Wilko Jonker died after a long illness at the age of 58. He leaves behind a wife and two children. The Dutch military aviation and plastic modeling were his hobby and on this website he shared all the knowledge he has collected over the years. His hobby has been able to distract him from the persistent disease in his body until the last week of his life. The contacts with other hobbyists were a major support for him.

This website will be maintained by different people for as long as possible, so that other enthusiasts can continue to benefit from extensive content.

Fokker D.XVI


Early 1929, the LVA and Fokker signed a contract for two prototypes of a fighter.
Initially, two versions of the Fokker D. XV were in mind, where one would be a heavier one and the other a lighter version.
Finally the LVA chose the D.XVI, which was in a way a compromise.

In the summer of 1929 the first prototype was ready. A the second one was completed in February 1930.
It was designed by Reinhold Platz and was a half-plane with an Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar engine star Townend ring.
Initially, there were still some initial problems, but when these were resolved, it was a popular aircraft.
The machines of the LVA differed with respect to the prototypes in that the main axis of the landing gear was replaced by a separate suspension, the long strut style fuselage to the wing struts had been extinguished and the exhaust pipes were extended on both sides along the fuselage.

Fokker also built an example for the NEIAF, equipped with a 625 hp Curtiss Conqueror engine.
This aircraft made the first flight on August 20, 1930. The aircraft fell down while performing a tail-spin test during a test flight on March 20, 1931.


Technical information
Wingspan: 9,40 m Length: 7,20 m
Height: 2,7 m Wing area: 185 m2
Empty weight: 1050 kg Max. start weight: 1475 kg
Max. speed: 330 km/hr Climbing speed: - m.min
Range: 770 km Service ceiling: 9400 m
Engine type: Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar VIIa rated 450 - 525 hp
Crew: One aviator
Armament: Two 7,9 mm machine guns


In service with LVA.

In 1930, a series of twelve examples was ordered. The first prototype was not included in this order.
The second prototype was owned by Fokker and was used for demonstration purposes.

In July 1931, the first production machine was delivered an during the rest of the year the rest of the order was delivered.
Soon after delivery Fokker D.XVI 277 was equipped with an Armstrong Siddeley Panther IIIa radial engine of 575 hp.
In 1934 followed an order for another three aircraft to replace losses. For this order fuselages and wings from the reserves of the LVA were used.

Many problems were encountered with the engines, as these often jammed. This problem was solved as the LVB reeled off the pistons slightly.
A disadvantage was that the oil consumption rose considerably, so the Fokker D.XVI could now fly for one and a half hour, while there was fuel for three hours.

Another disadvantage was encountered, "flutter", that is the vibration of the wing, occurring during dives.
The speed could run up very high, while the speedometer was calibrated up to 450 km/h, but run on till the level of 250 km/h was reached for the second time.
During tests, however, the machine 276, was lost on January 15, 1932 by this "flutter", the pilot, esquire Wittert van Hoogland, survived the crash.
The result of an investigation was that aileron balance weights were added.

During 1932 the machines were equipped with two machine guns.

At the end of May 1936 the JaVA, JachtVlieg Afdeling, (Fighter Section) was transferred from Soesterberg to Schiphol. The JaVA was then equipped with Fokkers D.XVI and D.XVII.
Only  the 277 remained at Soesterberg in the Flying School. In 1935 this aircraft had a new  Armstrong-Siddeley Panther installed with a three-blade propeller. There were no machine guns installed, due to synchronization problems.

The idea was to create a new JachtGroep VeldLeger, (Fighter Group Army) to raise a section, that was to be equipped with the D.XVI and D.XVII. One had calculated there would be 20 aircraft left in 1938. This was considered to be a temporary solution pending new aircraft.
 During 1938, the number of available D.XVIs was driven back, because the engines were warn and replacement engines were no longer available. A whole new type of engine was not considered viable, given the age of the aircraft.
During the mobilization in 1939 was only on D.XVI was in use by the second JaVA (II-1 2 = LVR). During 1939, all D.XVIs were withdrawn from us. The last one, no 278 was written off in late October. Only the 277 was still in use for the training of fighter Pilots and was moved to Texel in November 1939.


Constr. nr. Fuselage / Wing
Constr. nr. Fuselage / Wing
Date in service
Date in service
Date out of service
Date out of service
275 5167/5214 08-07-1929 1939 Prototype; first flight July 1929; Equipped with a Jaguar engine
276 (1) 5168/5215 01-02-1932 10-1930 276 Prototype
Sold to Romania for an International competition.
276 (2) 5271/5304 01-10-1931 15-01-1932 Re-registered;
Crashed near Soesterberg due to flutter.
276 (3) 5325 / 5314+5394 01-02-1934 23-09-1935 Collapse with 283
277 5272/5305 01-07-1931 05-1940 Equipped with Panther engine in July 1932;
In 1935 engine replaced with another Panther engine plus three blade propeller; No armament
Captured at Texel by the German
278 5273/5306 01-08-1931 07-1939 Written off
279 (1) 5274/5307 07-1931 ? 09-1932  
279 (2)   01-02-1934 03-1939 Written off after engine failure and crash.
280 5275/5308 01-09-1932 07-1939 Written off
281 5276/5309 01-07-1931 1939 Written off
282 5277/5310 01-07-1931 1939 Written off
283 (1) 5278/5311 01-08-1931 05-1935 17-02-1933 collapsed with 276; Written off
283 (2)   01-02-1934 1939 Written off
284 5279/5312 01-08-1931 06-1936 Written off
285 5280/5313 01-09-1931 1939 Written off
286 5281/5314 01-09-1931 11-1938 Written off
287 5282/5315 01-09-1931 11-1938 Written off
288 5283/5316 01-09-1931 04-1935 14-03-1935 crashed near Gilze-Rijen; Written off
289 5240/5276 01-08-1930 20-03-1931 Test machine for NEIAF serialled "F-32", equipped with a Curtiss Conqueror V1570
Crashed near Schiphol


1/72nd Scale


  • MW Models
    • Kit 72-01: resin kit with decals, based upon scratch built model by M. Schönfeld of IPMS Nl.
  • Omega
    • Kit 72403: Fokker DXVI "Panther".

Modelling add-on

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1/48th Scale


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Modelling add-on

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SchemeColour nameWEMHumbrolXtraColorVallejo Model ColorVallejo Model Air
Standard #1Upper surfaces LVA Khaki AC D04 29? / 155? x2? /x251? 70.921? / 70.887?  
Undersides LVA Blue AC D05 115 ? X-214?    

Check for an extensive conversion table with lots of colour and paint systems.


Fokker D.XVI: Delivery scheme: LVA khaki and LVA blue undersides
Fokker D.XVI: LVA khaki and LVA blue undersides and LVA khaki rudder (1939).
Fokker D.XVI: LVA khaki and LVA blue undersides and orange triangles as nationality markings (on remaining aircraft).
Fokker D.XVI: LVA khaki and LVA blue undersides and orange triangles as nationality markings and equipped with a Panther engine.
Only applicable to the 277, which was in use at the advanced training school at Texel.



Nederlandse Militaire Luchtvaart in Beeld. deel 1. Hugo Hooftman Pag. 119 - 123 1977 Uitgever: Europese Bibliotheek, Zaltbommel
Fokker,-vliegtuigen voor de Militaire Luchtvaart   Pag. 8 1982  
Fokker, Bouwer aan de wereldluchtvaart Thijs Postma Pag. 82 1979 Uitgever: Unieboek b.v., Houten
De Nederlandse Vliegtuigen: Alle vliegtuigen ooit in Nederland ontworpen en gebouwd Theo Wesselink & Thijs Postma Pag. 73 1982 Uitgever: Romen Luchtvaart, Haarlem
AVIA: 41e jaargang nummer 8: Botsing boven de Haarlemmermeer. Een botsing en een afscheid H.J. van Overvest Pag. 312 - 313 1982 Uitgevers Wyt, Rotterdam
Luchtvaartwereld; 2e jaargang nummer 4: Fokker D.XVI Frits Gerdessen Pag. 121 - 125 1985 Uitgeverij Ten Brink, Meppel
40 Jaar luchtvaart in Indië Gerard Casius & Thijs Postma Pag. 34 1986 Uitgeverij De Alk, Alkmaar
KLu Vliegtuigen: De vliegtuigen van de Koninklijke Luchtmacht vanaf 1913 Wim Schoenmaker & Thijs Postma Pag. 45 - 47 1987 Uitgeverij De Alk, Alkmaar
Nederlandse Militaire Luchtvaart 12: Fokker D.16 Frits Gerdessen Pag   Uitgever: St. Vrienden v.h. Mil. Luchtv. Museum, Soesterberg
Squadrons van de Koninklijke Luchtmacht (derde herzien druk) Willem Helfferich Pag. 16 - 1994 Uitgevers Wyt, Rotterdam
Camouflage en Kentekens J.Greuter e.a.   1997 Bonneville – Bergen (NH)




Special thanks to mr P. Banis for the research on the serials.